(352) 331-3332 Gainesville
(386) 754-1744 Lake City  
Offering late hours to serve you better!

Common Gynecological Surgery Procedures

The expert gynecological surgeons at All About Women share their most common surgery techniques: hysterectomy, laparoscopy and robotic surgery.

If you are facing gynecological surgery, here's the good news: most surgery techniques that gynecologists use today are highly advanced and minimally invasive. There is so much that a gynecologist can do with just a few main techniques, from hysterectomies, to treating for infertility, to removing painful and bothersome fibroids.

Join us as we take a look at the three surgical procedures our Gainesville physicians, as well as most gynecologists nationwide, most commonly perform.


The hysterocope is a thin telescopic tube that a surgeon inserts through the vagina and into the uterus. Once inside the uterus, the hysteroscope transmits images of a patient’s uterus onto a screen for the physician to view. Gynecologists generally perform a hysteroscopy to diagnose certain conditions, but they can also insert other tools through the hysteroscope to perform procedures as needed.

A hysteroscopy may occur in a gynecologist's office or in a hospital. For the procedure, patients are given either general anesthesia (which will put you to sleep) or local anesthesia. The doctor then inserts a speculum to hold the vaginal walls apart. Then they insert the hysteroscope through the vagina and cervix, and into the uterus.

A saline solution is passed through the hysteroscope into the uterus. This fluid expands the uterus and allows the surgeon to see the uterus more clearly. Hysteroscopy is an out-patient procedure. Your doctor may give you medication for pain that may last for a few days following the procedure.

A hysteroscopy may be used as a diagnostic tool, or to perform:

  • Endometrial Ablation (a treatment for heavy bleeding)
  • Myomectomy (a treatment for fibroids)
  • Placement of permanent birth control

The advantages of a hysteroscopy is that it requires no major incision of any kind and patients typically recover quickly. However, its limitation is that the procedure only allows doctors to look at and treat problems within the uterine cavity.


A laparoscope is a fiber-optic tube with a tiny video camera on the end. This camera projects the images it sees onto a screen. A gynecologist inserts the laparoscope through a tiny insertion made near your belly button.

Depending on the procedure, your surgeon may make several other small incisions to allow for the use of other surgical tools. Laparoscopic surgery is less invasive than traditional surgical practices which require a surgeon to make a much larger incision to access a woman’s uterus.

Laparoscopy requires anesthesia, but is usually an outpatient procedure, unless a patient undergoes a more complex procedure like a laparoscopic hysterectomy. Similar to a hysteroscopy, there are many uses for laparoscopy, including:

  • Diagnosis (laparoscopy can diagnose conditions occurring outside the uterus)
  • Endometriosis
  • Myomectomy (a treatment for fibroids)
  • Treatment of infertility
  • Hysterectomy
  • Sterilization

Laparoscopy has the benefit of being able to achieve a lot while still being minimally invasive, though this procedure has a slightly longer recovery time compared to hysteroscopy.

da Vinci Robotic Surgery

Your gynecologist may recommend robotic surgery as the best technique for certain procedures, such as a hysterectomy. A robotic hysterectomy is similar in procedure to a laparoscopy, except that the robotic arm helps the surgeon use surgical tools easier. The robot also enhances precision and visibility of the surgery site.

Robotic surgery can also be used tubal ligations.

Find a Surgeon You Trust

Above all, it’s important to remember that your gynecologist has reasons for the surgical procedure they choose. Laparoscopy, hysteroscopy and robotic surgery are all safe and effective means of surgery for a skilled surgeon. If you ever have any questions about your gynecological surgery, please do not hesitate to ask.

The expert gynecologists at All About Women are highly trained surgeons who provide the highest quality of care to women in Gainesville, Lake City and the surrounding communities of Perry, Live Oak and Ocala. Contact us today to set up an appointment with one of our compassionate care providers.

Contact us
‹ All About Women OB/GYN Knowledge Center
6440 W Newberry Road, Suite 111
Gainesville, FL 32605
(352) 331-3332
Lake City
4447 NW American Lane, Suite 102
Lake City, FL 32055
(386) 754-1744

Gainesville and Lake City OB/GYN Care

OB/GYN doctors at All About Women, Obstetrics & Gynecology offer personalized, technologically advanced obstetrics and gynecology services from Board Certified OB/GYB physicians. Besides expert women's healthcare, permanent birth control and prenatal care, OB/GYN doctors also offers advanced hysterectomy surgery in and around the Gainesville area.

Women's Health Care in Alachua & Columbia Counties

With offices in Gainesville and Lake City, Florida, All About Women, M.D. provides expert OB/GYN services covering the entire range of women's healthcare needs. Our OB/GYN physicians and nurse midwives provide expert care during pregnancy as well as state of the art in-office treatments for gynecologic disorders including Novasure endometrial ablation to treat/stop heavy menstrual bleeding.

Personalized & Expert Prenatal Care

Gainesville obstetricians at All About Women, M.D. help ensure pregnancy goes as smoothly as possible by offering the best prenatal care available. And for those having difficulty getting pregnant, AAW obstetricians and gynecologists offer couples the best infertility help and treatment available.

Advanced Minimally Invasive Surgery: daVinci Surgical System

Clinic founder Dr. Anthony Agrios, Board Certified Obstetrician and Gynecologist also specializes in the daVinci Robotic surgery system, a minimally invasive option commonly used for a hysterectomy and other procedures. Instead of creating several small incisions like traditional surgical methods, OB/GYN surgeons simply open one incision with the daVinci system to complete the procedure. Not only do patients experience less pain and blood loss, they recover and get back to normal much faster.

Pregnancy & Prenatal Care: Creative Pregnancy Announcement : Fruits for Pregnant Women

OB/GYN Tips: Choosing an OB/GYN : Robotic Hysterectomy

Infertility & Reproduction Health: Infertility Treatment : Permanent Birth Control

Women's Health: Preventive Care : Well Women Care : Mammogram Screenings : Abnormal Periods

Gainesville Maternity Care


FL OBGYN   Services
All About Women
Gainesville and Lake City, Florida Obstetrics & Gynecology

Offices conveniently located in the heart of North Florida (Alachua County & Columbia County). Serving women of all ages and backgrounds
in and around Ocala, Williston, Chiefland, Perry, Live Oak, Lake City, Starke, Palatka and Gainesville.